Basics of Paternity Testing

father and son

Have you ever been in a situation where paternity testing was necessary? You may have had doubts about a child's true paternity or wanted to confirm the biological connection. Paternity testing can help uncover the truth and bring peace of mind to those involved.

Types of Paternity Testing

The most common type of paternity testing is DNA testing, which involves analyzing DNA samples collected from the alleged father, child, and mother. A DNA paternity test can determine, with a high degree of accuracy, whether the tested man is the biological father of a child. There are also non-invasive prenatal paternity tests that can determine paternity during pregnancy.

How Paternity Testing Works

A DNA sample is collected from the individuals being tested. Usually, a buccal swab is gently rubbed inside the mouth to collect cheek cells. These cells contain DNA that can be analyzed for genetic markers that are unique to each individual. The DNA profiles from the individuals are then compared to determine the probability of paternity - the higher the probability, the more likely the tested man is the biological father.

Accuracy of Paternity Testing

DNA testing has a high accuracy rate, typically from 99.9% to 99.99%. However, it's important to note that paternity testing can only provide a probability of paternity, not a definite answer. In very rare cases, there may be genetic variations that could affect the accuracy of the test.

Legal vs. Non-Legal Paternity Testing

Legal paternity testing is usually required for cases such as child support, custody, or immigration cases. A medical professional usually performs these tests and follows strict procedures to ensure accuracy and reliability. On the other hand, non-legal paternity tests are performed solely for personal reasons and are not admissible in court.

Privacy and Confidentiality

Paternity testing is sensitive, and most testing facilities take privacy and confidentiality very seriously. Test results are typically sent directly to the requestor, and the information is not shared without consent. In cases where legal paternity testing is required, the results may be shared with the court and other appropriate parties.

Divorce & Family Law in Sacramento County, Placer County & Beyond

At Bez Law Firm, P.C., we understand the sensitive nature of paternity testing cases. Our experienced family law attorneys are here to guide you through the process, ensuring your rights are protected every step of the way. Contact us today at (916) 512-8944 to schedule a consultation and learn more about our comprehensive paternity testing services.